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PIA-Produto - Annual Survey of Industry - Product


PIA - Product  investigates the goods and services produced by the national industry, whose survey unit is the formally established industrial enterprise. The local branch is the physical  area, usually, a continuous one, in which one or more economic activities are developed, corresponding to a business address or a National Registry of Legal Entities - CNPJ code, of the Department of Federal Revenue.

The Annual Survey of Industry - PIA series started in 1966 and ,until 1995, it released results in inter-census years, except for 1971 and 1991. As of 1996, with the Economic Statistics Modernization Program, the survey was entirely reformulated and adjusted to the parameters of the new production model of industrial, commercial and service statistics, being then splitinto two surveys: Annual Survey of Industry (PIA - Enterprise), Annual Survey of Industry - Enterprise (PIA - Enterprise) and Annual Survey of Industry - Product (PIA - Product). The PIA - Enterprise series started in 1996, and the PIA – Product series, in 1998. In this model, the quinquennial economic census was replaced by a sample-based annual survey, adopting the National Classification of Economic Activities - CNAE whose basic registry comes from from the regularly updated Central Register of Enterprises - CEMPRE. From 2008 onpresenting results retroactive to 2007, the IBGE started to release a new data series forPIA - Product, using the CNAE 2.0 to replace the previously used CNAE 1.0. At present, the survey researches enterprises classified in the B and C sections of CNAE 2.0, which cover the mining and quarrying industry and manufacturing industry, respectively. PIA-Product information is surveyed according to Industry Product List - PRODLIST - Industry, developed by the IBGE based on the Mercosur Common Nomenclature (NCM) and the CNAE 2.0, updated every three years. The survey sample consists of industry local branches of enterprises with 30 or more employees and also includes enterprises whose net revenue from sales are higher than certain values updated annually. The PIA - Product sample matches those from enterprises in the certainty stratum of PIA-Enterprise. Therefore, answering the Complete Questionnaire of the PIA-Enterprise, the enterprises also present production details in their local industrial units by means of the the PIA-Product Questionnaire.

The survey releases, for each product, the amount produced, the amount sold, net revenue of sales, gross value of production and the number of reported local branches.

The survey is conducted on an annual basis and covers all the national territory.