The Environmental-Economic Accounting is a system of measurement and analysis, represented by a set of tables, which describes the interaction between the environment and the economy in order to give support to planning and decision making for public and business policies.
The methodology of economic and environmental accounting has been established by the United Nations through the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting - SEEA, in order to integrating economic, environmental and social data into a single statistical structure, considering also the characteristics of the country with regard to environmental, social and economic particularities and the availability of data. SEEA has eight thematic areas, including specific natural resources, such as water and energy, in addition to Ecosystem Accounting, among others. The proposed methodology for specific resource accounts is based on a central framework that accounts for the natural resources involved in the production of goods and services, establishing a relationship between the natural resources used and the income generated by different economic activities. In Brazil, the series of information on Environmental-Economic Accounting - CEA, results from a partnership between the IBGE and the National Water Agency - ANA. It began with the disclosure of results on the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water - CEAA, covering the period from 2013 to 2015, based on the methodological recommendations in a specific manual for water: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water, SEEA-Water. Ecosystem accounting, in turn, is based on the methodological recommendations contained in a specific manual: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting, SEEA-EEA, given the need to cross georeferenced spatial data. This methodology is being consolidated and tested by the United Nations, and the study is still called Experimental Ecosystem Accounting. The IBGE started the methodological tests for ecosystem accounting in 2017, from its participation in the Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (Ncaves) project - a United Nations global project, financed by the European Union which includes five countries (South Africa, Brazil, China, India and Mexico). The first results of the Ecosystem Accounting include Land Use in Brazilian Biomes, covering the period from 2000 to 2018, and the Endangered Species in Brazil, whose reference is 2014.
Currently, the accounts for water, energy, forests (wood and non-wood resources), biodiversity, ecosystem extent (ET) and ecosystem condition (EC) are being developed, tested and planned by the IBGE in partnership with specialized institutions. The geographic scope of these studies is national, with results published for different territorial sets.
About the publication - 2013-2017
As water is a key component of the economic development, it is necessary to adopt policies to integrate the sectoral planning with the management of water resources, making paramount the incorporation of economic, social and hydrological information for the sustainable management of the natural resources. Aiming at organizing this information, the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) developed the System of environmental-economic accounting for water (SEEA-Water) manual, whose guidelines allow a systematic and periodic assessment of key indicators concerning the integration of the physical and monetary water data.
By launching this report, the IBGE, in partnership with the National Water Agency - ANA and supported by the German International Cooperation Agency for Sustainable Development (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit - GIZ GmbH), through the Ministry of Environment and the European Union, in the scope of the Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services - NCAVES project, announces the first results of the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water - CEAA, related to the period from 2013 to 2017. These accounts provide physical and monetary indicators on the supply and demand of water by economic activities and households in Brazil. Hence, as an initial set of data subject to improvement and enhancement, these results can be revised later.
The information now released shows the participation of the economic activities and households in the flows of water withdrawal and reversal to the environment, and under which conditions, in terms of costs to users, the water resources are used. This information is organized into three groups: Stock Tables, Physical Supply and Use Tables - Physical SUTs and Hybrid Supply and Use Tables - Hybrid SUTs. The Stock Tables show the increments and subtractions in the stock of water resources; the Physical SUTs report the withdrawals through the collection from the environment to the economy, the water flows within the economy and the reversal from the economy to the environment; and, finally, the Hybrid SUTs list the monetary values of production, consumption and costs associated to the activity of Water and sewage. The detailing by economic activity is based on the National Classification of Economic Activities - CNAE 2.0 and on the methodological recommendations of SEEA-Water.
These results are also available on the IBGE portal, which also gathers a comprehensive range of information on the CEAA, with result tables regarding the concerned period, as well as technical notes with methodological considerations on the study, including a glossary with the concepts used in its development.
Publications - 2013-2017
Learn more - 2013-2017
News and releases
Amendment in “Ecosystem accounts: land use in Brazilian biomes 2000-2018” publication
Published date: 16/10/2020
An error was pinpointed by the IBGE in the percentage data of the main conversion of land use in the Pantanal Biome. Due to a typing error, the percentage reported in the publication does not involve that in the survey´s databases.
Actions: The text in the publication was changed to report the correct percentage.
Error in the release date of the publication "Ecosystem Accounting: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil 2014"
Published date: 02/10/2020
The IBGE identified an error for the non-compliance with the release date of the publication Ecosystem Accounts: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil 2014, expected to be released in October according to the calendar of geoscientific products available on the portal. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the release was postponed until November 05, 2020.
Actions: The release calendar was changed.
Error in the release date of the publication "Ecosystem Accounting: Biodiversity and Species Threatened with Extinction, version 2014"
Published date: 28/09/2020
Error, identified by the IBGE, of non-compliance with the release date of the publication Ecosystem Accounting: Biodiversity and Biodiversity and Species Threatened with Extinction, version 2014, scheduled for September in the geoscientific products calendar on the IBGE web site. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, its disclosure was postponed until October 16, 2020.
Actions: The release date was rescheduled.