Municipal Agricultural Production - PAM

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Description

This survey investigates a set of products of the temporary and permanent crops of the Country that are characterized not only by their great economic importance in the export agenda, but also by their social relevance, since its components are on the Brazilian table. Its collection unit is the municipality.

The Municipal Agricultural Production - PAM began under the Ministry of Agriculture in 1938. The IBGE Collection Network surveyed the data but the Ministry was responsible for preparing the questionnaires, assessing, criticizing and disseminating the results. With the publication of Decree no. 73,482 of January 17, 1974, the Institute became responsible for all the phases of the survey, as well as for other statistical surveys related to the agricultural sector. The statistics for the years 1971 and 1972, however, are not available because they were not disclosed by the Ministry.

The survey provides information on planted area, area to be harvested, harvested area, amount produced, average yield and average price paid to the producer in the reference year for 64 agricultural products (31 of temporary crops and 33 of permanent crops). Temporary crops, it should be noted, are those of short or medium length, since their reproductive cycle is shorter than one year, and once harvested, they need a new planting. Permanent crops, on the other hand, are long-cycle crops that can be harvested for several years with no need for a new planting. PAM is integrated with the  Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production - LSPA, that is: all data on agricultural products investigated by the LSPA during the crop cycle automatically migrate to PAM on December 31, accounting for an annual consolidation based on the monthly data obtained by the former survey.

PAM is carried out annually and covers the whole national territory, with results disclosed for Brazil, Major Regions, Federation Units, Mesoregions, Microregions and Municipalities. The municipal information for each product is only considered if there is at least one hectare of land planted with the product and one metric ton of production.