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Minimum Social Indicators


The United Nations Statistical Commission, in the session of February 29, 1997, approved the implementation of a group of social indicators to form a Minimum National Social Data Set (MNSDS). One of the objectives of the MNSDS is to allow the statistical monitoring of national social programs, recommended by several international conferences promoted by the United Nations in the last four years, as follows: conferences on population and development (Cairo, 1994), on social development (Copenhagen, 1995), on women (Beijing, 1995) and on human settlements (Cairo, 1996). The group of social indicators encompasses overall data about population distribution by sex, age, color or race, population and development, poverty, employment and unemployment, education and life conditions, topics identified by the Expert Group on Statistical Implications of Recent major United Nations Conference as priorities in the program of international conferences. The MNSDS resulted from an ample technical consulting to a number of countries and international organizations. Some of its main features is the recommendation of only using data from official and reliable statistical sources and of disaggregating data by gender and other specific groups, always taking into consideration national peculiarities and priorities.

Following recommendations of the United Nations Statistical Commission, IBGE presents on this page a minimum system of social indicators (ISM) with updated information about demographic aspects, birth control, population distribution by color or race; updated information about labor and income, education and life conditions and availability of data. These are categorized by geographic level, once the size and the heterogeneity of the country reduce the weight of national averages; they are also disaggregated, in some cases, by sex and color. The data are obtained from IBGE surveys, censuses (Demographic Census and Population Count) and by samples (National Household Sample Survey, PNAD) and complemented by other national sources.