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Environmental-Economic Accounting


The Environmental-Economic Accounting is a system of measurement and analysis, represented by a set of tables, which describes the interaction between the environment and the economy in order to give support to planning and decision making for public and business policies.

The methodology of economic and environmental accounting has been established by the United Nations through the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting - SEEA, in order to integrating economic, environmental and social data into a single statistical structure, considering also the characteristics of the country with regard to environmental, social and economic particularities and the availability of data. SEEA has eight thematic areas, including specific natural resources, such as water and energy, in addition to Ecosystem Accounting, among others. The proposed methodology for specific resource accounts is based on a central framework that accounts for the natural resources involved in the production of goods and services, establishing a relationship between the natural resources used and the income generated by different economic activities. In Brazil, the series of information on Environmental-Economic Accounting - CEA, results from a partnership between the IBGE and the National Water Agency - ANA. It began with the disclosure of results on the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water - CEAA, covering the period from 2013 to 2015, based on the methodological recommendations in a specific manual for water: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water, SEEA-Water. Ecosystem accounting, in turn, is based on the methodological recommendations contained in a specific manual: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting, SEEA-EEA, given the need to cross georeferenced spatial data. This methodology is being consolidated and tested by the United Nations, and the study is still called Experimental Ecosystem Accounting. The IBGE started the methodological tests for ecosystem accounting in 2017, from its participation in the Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (Ncaves) project - a United Nations global project, financed by the European Union which includes five countries (South Africa, Brazil, China, India and Mexico). The first results of the Ecosystem Accounting include Land Use in Brazilian Biomes, covering the period from 2000 to 2018, and the Endangered Species in Brazil, whose reference is 2014.

Currently, the accounts for water, energy, forests (wood and non-wood resources), biodiversity, ecosystem extent (ET) and ecosystem condition (EC) are being developed, tested and planned by the IBGE in partnership with specialized institutions. The geographic scope of these studies is national, with results published for different territorial sets.

About the publication - 2022 Species threatened with extinction in Brazil

This is a summary of the Official National Lists of Fauna and Flora Species Threatened with Extinction, resulting from the evaluation of their status of conservation, published, respectively, by the pelo Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation- ICMBio and by the National Center for Flora Conservation of the Botanical Garden in Rio de Janeiro (CNCFlora/JBRJ). Based on these data, the list presents the figures by species, by categories of threat, disaggregated by biome and type of environment (land, freshwater and marine).

The current edition completes the series of statistics presented in the study Ecosystem Accounting: species threatened with extinction in Brazil: 2014, by including, in this edition, the latest data released by the Ministry of Environment. The methodology applied has not been changed and follows the methodological trademark in the System of Environmental Economic Accounting - Ecosystem Accounting (SEEA-EA). Table results for the reference year 2023 area available at the IBGE Automatic Recovery System - SIDRA.

More on the product - 2022 Species threatened with extinction in Brazil

Tables of the SIDRA system

Threatened Species Accounting

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News and Releases

Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water: Brazil

In 2020, Brazil consumes 6.2 liters of water for each R$1 generated by the Economy

In 2020, 6.2 liters of water were consumed for each real of gross value added (GVA) generated by the...


Ecosystem Accounting

IBGE updates statistics on threatened species in Brazilian biomes

The IBGE released today (24) the updated data on threatened species for year 2022. This set of information...


Ecosystem AccountingEnvironmental-Economic Accounting for Land

Between 2000 and 2020, agricultural area grew 230 thousand km², natural vegetation reduced 513 thousand km² in Brazil

The IBGE released today (7) the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Land: Physical Accountability,...


Ecosystem Accounting

In partnership with the UN, IBGE releases integrated analysis of Ecosystem Accounts

The IBGE releases today (20) “Ecosystem Accounts: results of the NCAVES project in Brazil ”, which compiles...


Environmental-Economic Accounts for Energy: products from biomass

In 2018, Brazil generated R$84 billion in energy products from biomass

In 2018, the national production of natural energy inputs from biomass was 91.3 million tonnes of oil...


Environmental-Economic Accounts for Energy: products from biomass

Biomass products represented 9% of electricity in Brazil in 2018

In 2018, the production of electricity from energy products from biomass was of 54.4 thousand gigawatt-hour...


Ecosystem Accounting

Experimental study estimates value of water bodies during abstraction, treatment and distribution of water

The IBGE has released today (28) Ecosystem Accounting: Value of the Ecosystem Service of Blue Water Provisioning...


Ecosystem Accounting

Experimental study analyzes amount and value of non-wood forest products per biome

The IBGE has released today (15) the Ecosystem Accounts: Non-Wood Forest Products, experimental statistics...


Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water: Brazil

Experimental study evaluates water conditions in Brazilian biomes

The IBGE has released today (15) Ecosystem Accounting: Condition of Water Bodies, experimental statistics...


Ecosystem Accounting

In 2014, Atlantic Forest/Mata Atlântica was the biome with the highest number of species threatened with extinction

The survey “Ecosystem Accounting: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil”, which the IBGE releases...


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