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The Environmental-Economic Accounting is a system of measurement and analysis, represented by a set of tables, which describes the interaction between the environment and the economy in order to give support to planning and decision making for public and business policies.
The methodology of economic and environmental accounting has been established by the United Nations through the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting - SEEA, in order to integrating economic, environmental and social data into a single statistical structure, considering also the characteristics of the country with regard to environmental, social and economic particularities and the availability of data. SEEA has eight thematic areas, including specific natural resources, such as water and energy, in addition to Ecosystem Accounting, among others. The proposed methodology for specific resource accounts is based on a central framework that accounts for the natural resources involved in the production of goods and services, establishing a relationship between the natural resources used and the income generated by different economic activities. In Brazil, the series of information on Environmental-Economic Accounting - CEA, results from a partnership between the IBGE and the National Water Agency - ANA. It began with the disclosure of results on the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water - CEAA, covering the period from 2013 to 2015, based on the methodological recommendations in a specific manual for water: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water, SEEA-Water. Ecosystem accounting, in turn, is based on the methodological recommendations contained in a specific manual: System of Environmental-Economic Accounting 2012: Experimental Ecosystem Accounting, SEEA-EEA, given the need to cross georeferenced spatial data. This methodology is being consolidated and tested by the United Nations, and the study is still called Experimental Ecosystem Accounting. The IBGE started the methodological tests for ecosystem accounting in 2017, from its participation in the Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (Ncaves) project - a United Nations global project, financed by the European Union which includes five countries (South Africa, Brazil, China, India and Mexico). The first results of the Ecosystem Accounting include Land Use in Brazilian Biomes, covering the period from 2000 to 2018, and the Endangered Species in Brazil, whose reference is 2014.
Currently, the accounts for water, energy, forests (wood and non-wood resources), biodiversity, ecosystem extent (ET) and ecosystem condition (EC) are being developed, tested and planned by the IBGE in partnership with specialized institutions. The geographic scope of these studies is national, with results published for different territorial sets.
About the publication - 2018-2020 Land use in Brazilian biomes
This is a summary of the data of Monitoring Land Use and Cover, based on the interpretation of natural and anthropized areas in the Brazilian biomes, portraying the degree of preservation of each one of them for the period between 2018 and 2020. This release complements the statistics and indicators shown in the Ecosystem Accounts: Land Use in the Brazilian Biomes 2000-2018 study, which contributed to the effort of applying international recommendations from the System of environmental-economic accounting 2012: experimental ecosystem accounting manual, SEEA-EEA, developed by the United Nations, now incorporating the most recent data.
Concepts and methods - 2018-2020 Land use in Brazilian biomes
As informações a seguir descrevem os metadados estatísticos, que são o conjunto de conceitos, métodos e aspectos relacionados às estatísticas, e são informações necessárias para compreender as características e a qualidade das estatísticas e interpretá-las corretamente.
ObjetivoAs Contas de Extensão dos Ecossistemas do Brasil trazem uma análise da extensão das áreas naturais dos ecossistemas no Território Nacional, e uma aproximação de seu estado de conservação a partir da modificação de sua extensão ao longo da série histórica. A terra é um componente crucial no manual Experimental Ecosystem Accounting da ONU; deste modo, as Contas da Terra são um importante subsídio para o desenvolvimento das Contas dos Ecossistemas, tendo como ponto de partida as Contas de Extensão.
Tipo de operação estatísticaSistema de contas nacionais
Tipo de dadosOutro tipo de dados
Periodicidade de divulgaçãoBienal
População-alvoEcossistemas terrestres brasileiros.
Técnica de coleta:Não se aplica
Temas e subtemasMeio Ambiente
Principais variáveisExtensão de abertura (Quilômetros quadrados), Adições (Quilômetros quadrados), Reduções (Quilômetros quadrados), Extensão final (Quilômetros quadrados), Saldo das mudanças (absoluto e relativo), Total de movimentação (absoluto e relativo), por tipo de área (areas antropizadas ou áreas naturais).
Palavras-chaveEcossistema, Áreas naturais, Áreas antropizadas, Território Nacional
Unidades de informação
Unidade de investigaçãoEcossistema
Unidade de análiseBiomas, Células de grade
Unidade informanteNão se aplica.
Períodos de referência
Formas de disseminaçãoPublicação impressa, Publicação Digital (online), Banco de Dados Agregados - SIDRA
Nível de desagregação geográficaBiomas
Learn more - 2018-2020 Land use in Brazilian biomes
News and Releases
Ecosystem AccountingEnvironmental-Economic Accounting for Land
Between 2000 and 2020, agricultural area grew 230 thousand km², natural vegetation reduced 513 thousand km² in Brazil
The IBGE released today (7) the Environmental-Economic Accounting for Land: Physical Accountability,...
In partnership with the UN, IBGE releases integrated analysis of Ecosystem Accounts
The IBGE releases today (20) “Ecosystem Accounts: results of the NCAVES project in Brazil ”, which compiles...
Environmental-Economic Accounts for Energy: products from biomass
In 2018, Brazil generated R$84 billion in energy products from biomass
In 2018, the national production of natural energy inputs from biomass was 91.3 million tonnes of oil...
Environmental-Economic Accounts for Energy: products from biomass
Biomass products represented 9% of electricity in Brazil in 2018
In 2018, the production of electricity from energy products from biomass was of 54.4 thousand gigawatt-hour...
Experimental study estimates value of water bodies during abstraction, treatment and distribution of water
The IBGE has released today (28) Ecosystem Accounting: Value of the Ecosystem Service of Blue Water Provisioning...
Experimental study analyzes amount and value of non-wood forest products per biome
The IBGE has released today (15) the Ecosystem Accounts: Non-Wood Forest Products, experimental statistics...
Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water: Brazil
Experimental study evaluates water conditions in Brazilian biomes
The IBGE has released today (15) Ecosystem Accounting: Condition of Water Bodies, experimental statistics...
In 2014, Atlantic Forest/Mata Atlântica was the biome with the highest number of species threatened with extinction
The survey “Ecosystem Accounting: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil”, which the IBGE releases...
More than 3,000 threatened species of animals and plants in 2014
Brazil had 3,299 species of animals and plants threatened with extinction in 2014. This number represents...
IBGE depicts natural cover of Brazilian biomes from 2000 to 2018
All the Brazilian biomes presented a negative balance, but losses have decreased gradually throughout...
Correction in the publication “Ecosystem Accounting: Valuation of the ecosystem service of blue water provision 2013-2017”
Published date: 04/05/2021
Two typing errors were identified on page 26, in the title for Graph 7 and in the first paragraph, in the unit of measurement adopted in both of the cases.
Actions: The file has been replaced.
Amendment in “Ecosystem accounts: land use in Brazilian biomes 2000-2018” publication
Published date: 16/10/2020
An error was pinpointed by the IBGE in the percentage data of the main conversion of land use in the Pantanal Biome. Due to a typing error, the percentage reported in the publication does not involve that in the survey´s databases.
Actions: The text in the publication was changed to report the correct percentage.
Error in the release date of the publication "Ecosystem Accounting: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil 2014"
Published date: 02/10/2020
The IBGE identified an error for the non-compliance with the release date of the publication Ecosystem Accounts: Species Threatened with Extinction in Brazil 2014, expected to be released in October according to the calendar of geoscientific products available on the portal. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the release was postponed until November 05, 2020.
Actions: The release calendar was changed.
Error in the release date of the publication "Ecosystem Accounting: Biodiversity and Species Threatened with Extinction, version 2014"
Published date: 28/09/2020
Error, identified by the IBGE, of non-compliance with the release date of the publication Ecosystem Accounting: Biodiversity and Biodiversity and Species Threatened with Extinction, version 2014, scheduled for September in the geoscientific products calendar on the IBGE web site. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, its disclosure was postponed until October 16, 2020.
Actions: The release date was rescheduled.
SIDRA | Statistical Tables Database
Manual of the System of Environmental-Economic Accoutning- Central Framework (UN)
Manual of the System of Environmental-Economic Accounting - Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (UN)
Technical Recommendations in support of the System of Environmetal-Economic Accounting - Experimental Ecosystem Accounting (UN)
Ecosystems Accounts: Results of NCAVES Project in Brazil
Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water carried out with the technical support of the National Agency for Water and the Ministry of Environment
Water Use in Rainfed Agriculture
International classification of ecosystems in Brazil
Natural Capital Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (UN)
ECOSYSTEM ACCOUNTS FOR BRAZIL: Report of Project NCAVES