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Demography of Enterprises


It describes the demographic pattern of the Brazilian formal enterprises, particularly entry, exit and survival movements in the market, whose concepts conform to the EUROSTAT-OECD Manual on Business Demography Statistics, published in 2007.

The Demography of Enterprises study began in 2005, from the information of the IBGE´s Central Register of Enterprises - CEMPRE, then based on the National Classification of Economic Activities - CNAE 1.0. As of the reference year of 2008, a new methodology was implemented, due to the new criteria to select active enterprises in CEMPRE, use of CNAE 2.0 and conformance of a number of indicators with the international methodology. Up to 2015, their results were released in specific publications. Both studies were combined in the Demography of Enterprises and Statistics of Entrepreneurship publication as of the reference year of 2016, due to the similarity of the databases used in the Statistics of Entrepreneurship study and scope of the business entities, as well as the need to optimize the IBGE resources aiming at the development of other thematic analyses.

The Demography of Enterprises study provides values and entry, exit and survival rates of the enterprises in the market, according to the size and economic activity of the enterprises, as well as sex and schooling level of the salaried persons employed in these enterprises, by demographic event.

The study is annual and the geographic coverage, national, with results released for Brazil, Major Regions, Federation Units and Municipalities of the Capitals.