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PEVS - Forestry Activities


This survey raises information on the amount and value of the production of the exploitation of native plant resources and planted forest massifs, having the municipality as the data collection unit. The existing total and harvested areas of forest crops are also targets of the survey.

The surveying of forestry began in the Ministry of Agriculture in 1938. With Decree no. 73,482, of January 17, 1974, the IBGE became in charge of all the phases of the survey from that date onward, as well as of the other statistical surveys related to the agricultural sector. Nevertheless, the statistics related to the years of 1971 and 1972 are not available, since they were not released by the Ministry. The data of the Forestry Activities survey were collected through questionnaires that gathered only items concerning this theme. In 1974, the IBGE launched the Silviculture survey, as a result of the importance that this segment received with the concession of tax incentives for reforestation and the implementation of industrial projects in the areas of paper, pulp and steel industry, for example. The Forest Activities survey was not carried out in 1985, due to the implementation of the Census of Agriculture. The two surveys were eventually merged in 1986.

Forestry Activities - PEVS provides information on the output of forestry, silviculture, value of the production and existing and harvested areas of forest crops. Concerning forestry, every natural and spontaneous forest formation existing in the municipality and from which products are collected, including food, rubber, wax, fiber, wood and oilseed, among others, as well as the production of pine knot, felled trees and logwood from native Brazilian pine are investigated. Regarding silviculture, every forest formation existing in the municipality that is planted and collected by men is investigated, including black wattle barks, eucalyptus leaves and resin, as well as the production of charcoal, firewood and logwood, according to the major forest species planted for exploitation (eucalyptus, pine and others).

The periodicity of the survey is annual. The geographic coverage is national, with results released for Brazil, Major Regions, Federation Units, Mesoregions, Microregions and Municipalities.