Subnormal Agglomerates

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Description

A subnormal agglomerate is a form of irregular occupation of land – either public or private - owned by a third party, for housing purposes in urban areas, usually characterized by an irregular urban pattern, with scarce essential public services and located in areas not proper or allowed for housing use.  In Brazil, those irregular settlements are known by the names of favelas, invaded areas, slums in deep valleys, slums in low-lands, communities, villages, slums in backwaters, irregular lots, shacks and stilt houses. As a major reference about the Brazilian population’s living conditions in all municipalities and intra-municipal subdivisions – districts, subdistricts, neighborhoods and localities -, the Population Census allows better identification of the subnormal agglomerates. So, it allows one to see their distribution throughout the country and to characterize services related to water supply, sewage disposal, garbage disposal and provision of electricity in those areas, thus presenting to society an update of the scenario of those areas of Brazilian cities that demand special public policies.