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The Geography of Coffee | 2016


The series Territorial Dynamics of Agricultural Production has the objective of monitoring the spatial displacement of products selected from national agribusiness that have gained significance in the restructuring of the Brazilian rural space. The Geography of Coffee is expected to contribute to the production of a comprehensive view that joins quantitative and qualitative aspects of what has been called, throughout the years and under different perspectives, rural industry, agroindustry, agroindustry complex, productive chain, production circuit, among other designations, by providing awareness of the strong cross sector relations and of the interests that constitute the territorial dynamics of the Brazilian agricultural production nowadays.

Agriculture, mainly coffee production, has an economic, historical and geopolitical relevance in Brazil, since it helped shape the several forms of appropriation and use of the huge assortment of subtropical and tropical nature that forms the country. The present survey focuses on coffee, a product that has shaped not only the economic history of the country, but also its cultural, social and political identity and, that still nowadays lies in the center of a contemporary view of the territorial dynamics of agricultural production in Brazil. It is a study about the geographic world of coffee, the system of positions created by that socio-economy: the places responsible for the supply of inputs and agricultural machinery, the places of harvesting activity, the ones used for the transportation of harvested coffee and for the flow of coffee products, the places of industrial processing and trade. 

This study is characterized by a summarized approach, both at thematic level and with reference to the sources of data and methods of analyses adopted, a combination of the spatial analysis of statistical data (Municipal Agricultural Production – PAM, Center Registry of Enterprises – Cempre and other IBGE surveys, besides official sources such as the  Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply, the Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, etc.) with field and bibliographical surveys in order to portray, in a comprehensive and integrated way, the territory that coffee helps build in Brazil.