The Geography of Brazil
The series The Geography of Brazil presents a comprehensive study of the Brazilian macro-regions, with a highlight to the spatial interactions that have guaranteed consistency to each macro-regional section approached. Throughout the series, one can observe the changes that have characterized the territory socio-spatial dynamics. At the same time, the selection of topics for this study evidences the adequacy of surveys to new scenario in the field of geographic studies, both in Brazil and in the world. The series has been produced by the IBGE since the 1950’s, having been released in a single volume in 1960, encompassing the macro-regions identified at the time. The succeeding editions produced studies about the country for the decades of 1960, 1970 and 1980, with a gap in the 1990s and 2000s. In 2016, the IBGE resumed the discussion on a new edition of the study by releasing a volume entitled Brazil – a geographic and environmental view in the beginning of the 21st century.
About the publication - Brazil – A geographic and environmental view in the beginning of the 21st century
The publication Brazil – A geographic and environmental view in the beginning of the 21st century aims to increase the knowledge about the significant changes observed in the Brazilian territory as the result from the economic, demographic, political and environmental transformations that happened in the last decades. If until 20st century the analysis of the Brazilian geographic space had gone through a wide structuring movement in the national territory, which was characterized by processes of industrialization and urbanization and by the constitution of a national integrated economic system, nowadays this analysis covers several observation prospects, some of which the IBGE is content to provide to the readers of this work.
This publication shows perspectives that help one understand contemporary Brazil, which has its territory restructured and, at the same time, continuously fragmented according to different types of interests, derived from global, national, regional and local scales. It also shows how the geographic knowledge is crucial to understand the present and to predict the future of a country that has continental dimensions, that geographic analysis requires reinterpretations of regional realities that are in constant transformation.
The Atlas is organized into nine chapters and brings together studies that revolve around the territorial formation of Brazil, its demographic process, development of cities, evolution of the rural space and agricultural activities, environment, as well as the contemporary ways of experiencing and managing the multiple diversities that distinguish Brazil in the world.