Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística

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National System of Consumer Price Indexes

Extended National Consumer Price Index - IPCA and National Consumer Price Index - INPC

The National System of Consumer Price Indexes - SNIPC continuously and systematically produces consumer price indexes, having as collection units commercial and service-offering establishments, public service concessionaries and households (for the surveying of rent and condominium fees). The data collection period of INPC and of IPCA goes mainly from day 01 until day 30 of the month of reference. The target population of INPC includes families dwelling in the urban localities of the areas, with monthly income ranging from 1 (one) to 5(five) minimum wages, and whose head of the household is paid a salary for their main activity; and of IPCA includes families dwelling in the urban localities of the areas, with monthly income, from any source, ranging from 1 (one) to 40 (forty) minimum wages. Indexes for specific objectives are also produced, as it is currently the case of the Special Extended National Consumer Price Index - IPCA-E. The Extended Consumer Price Index-15 IPCA-15 has also been available on the Internet since May 2000. Other indexes have been released in the following periods: Consumer Price Index - IPC (March 1986 through February 1991); Fiscal Values Readjustment Index - IRVF (June 1990 through January 1991); Basic Products Basket Index - ICB (August 1990 through January 1991); Minimum Wage Readjustment Index - IRSM (January 1992 through June 1994); Special National Consumer Price Index - INPC-E (November 1992 through June 1994); r series Consumer Price Index - IPC-r (July 1994 through June 1995). The survey was started in 1979.

 

Frequency: Monthly

Geographic Coverage: Metropolitan areas of Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba and Porto Alegre, Brasília and the municipality of Goiânia.