Summary of Social Indicators - SIS

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An analysis of the living conditions of the Brazilian population

2020

This publication gathers information on the living conditions of the Brazilian population, together with comments that highlight, in each one of the thematic dimensions of analysis, some of the main characteristics observed in the different population strata. Its indicators represent the diversity of society from the point of view of social inequalities, from three basic perspectives.

The first approach, Economic structure and labor market, relates the dynamics of the labor market to the performance of the economy between 2012 and 2019, as it highlights the existing structural inequalities, mainly when strengthened by unemployment and informal work relations in the most vulnerable population groups - blacks or browns, women and youths – to underutilization of workforce. The second approach, Standard of living and income distribution, deals with inequalities considering income distribution indicators; access to goods and services related to housing conditions; monetary poverty With a series covering the period from 2012 to 2019, the chapter gathers important indicators to measure income inequality, such as the Gini index, the Palma index and income ratios, presenting results according to different methodologies to calculate poverty. The third approach, at last, addresses with Education, taking as parameters the goals and strategies adopted in the National Education Plan - PNE. For that purpose, statistics on school attendance, distribution of population between private and public education networks, schooling level and illiteracy rate are used, aiming at analyzing the inequalities among population groups, especially in 2019. The chapter also addresses the issue of young people, particularly those who do not study.

The publication is richly illustrated with tables and graphs showing different levels of territory disaggregation. That set of information is also available on the IBGE website on the Internet, with tables that include indicators in the printed volume and additional indicator, with their respective coefficients of variation. 

The main source of information for the construction of these indicators is the IBGE's National Household Sample Survey - Continuous PNAD. Other statistics from the Institute are also used as a complement, for example, the System of National Accounts - SCN, in addition to records from the General Register of Employed and Unemployed Persons - Caged, of the Ministry of Economy. Indicators made available by the United Nations - UN and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - OECD allow comparisons between countries.

The systematization of these indicators follows international recommendations and contributed to the understanding of changes effected in the population's demographic, social and economic profile, making it possible to monitor social policies and to disseminate information of great relevance to the Brazilian society overall.