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LSPA - Statistics of Agricultural Production


The Systematic Survey of Agricultural Production - LSPA provides estimates on planted areas, harvested areas, amount produced and average yield of selected products, based on the criteria of social and economic importance for Brazil. It not only follows up each crop investigated in the calendar year of reference, from the intention to plant up to the end of the harvest, yet also the forecast of the harvest in the coming year, for which the months of October, November and December are surveyed.

The LSPA was implemented in November 1972 aiming at addressing the user demands for short-term statistical information at a monthly basis. The list of products to be released was revised in the end of 2017, based on the following parameters: in order to be released in the survey, the product should represent at least 1% of the value of the national production or at least 1% of the Brazilian agricultural area. Based on such criteria, the new list of products investigated by the LSPA from 2018 onward comprises 18 products that represent, together, about 93% of the value of production and about 97% of the agricultural area in Brazil, according to the Municipal Agricultural Production - PAM survey related to the 2011-2013 triennium. The list of products should be reassessed every five years, also using PAM data.

The set of disclosed variables depends on the duration of the cropping cycle of the product. The crops are classified either as temporary – those of short or medium duration, since its reproductive cycle is lower than one year and that, once harvested, they need a new planting – or permanent – those with a long cycle and whose harvests can be done for many years without any need of a new planting. The variables disclosed for temporary crops are: planted or to be planted area; harvested or to be harvested area; production; and average yield. For long-cycle crops, the following variables are disclosed: total planted area; harvested or to be harvested area; production; and average yield. The following variables are investigated for products of permanent crops: area in formation; area in production; harvested and to be harvested area; production; and average yield.

The periodicity of the survey is monthly, from January to December of each calendar year. The geographic coverage is national, with results released for Brazil, Major Regions and Federation Units.