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Quarterly Survey of Animal Slaughter


The survey investigates information on the number of animals slaughtered and the total weight of the carcasses, by species surveyed, having as collection unit establishments that slaughter animals under federal, state or municipal sanitary inspection.

Investigations about livestock inventories and production began in the Ministry of Agriculture. Their information was collected by the IBGE Collection Network, and the Ministry was responsible for preparing the questionnaires, assessing, editing and disseminating the results. With the publication of Decree no. 73,482 of January 17, 1974, the Institute became responsible for all statistical surveys related to the agricultural sector, and, thus, the survey previously entitled "Meat Industrialization" was renamed as the Monthly Animal Survey when the actual transfer took place. The statistics for the years 1972, 1973 and 1974, it should be noted, are not available. Over time, changes and improvements have occurred in various aspects of the survey - scope; list of informants; frequency of results; methodology; conceptualizations; collection instruments -, which also reflected in its current denomination. More recently, in 2013, the on-line questionnaire was introduced, and the informant was given the option of data completion on the Internet.

The survey provides information on total head slaughtered and total carcass weight for bovine species (cattle, cows, steers and heifers), hogs and pigs and chickens.

The survey is carried out quarterly, and for each quarter of the calendar year the data are broken down month by month. Its geographic coverage is national, being conditioned to a systematically updated panel, with inclusions and exclusions of establishments due to the dynamics of this productive activity. The results are disclosed, preliminarily, to Brazil and Federation Units, with a gap of one quarter between the data collection and its disclosure. The aggregate results of the reference year are released when the results of the last quarter of the year are put out. It should be noted that the data are not definitive, and may undergo changes until the results of the first quarter of the year after the survey's reference year are disclosed.

Meeting users' demands for a sooner access to livestock information, from the first quarter of 2018 on, the First Results of the Quarterly Survey of Animal Slaughter for the Brazil level have become available. They are disclosed right after the end of the reference quarter, about a month before the general disclosure.